Benjamin Franklin lost letters found: 01/13/1736 to 07/04/1739

Benjamin Franklin (January 17, 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A noted polymath, Franklin was a leading author, printer, political, politician, postmaster, scientist, musician, inventor, satirist, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. He invented the lightning rod, bifocals, the Franklin stove and a carriage odometer. He facilitated many civic organizations, including a fire department and a university.

However a recent discovery of a cache of letters that a young Franklin had sent to his close friend and relative Dwight Howe has now shown a disturbing side to the otherwise revered Founding Father. The collection of letters were sent  to the Historic Reconstruction Council of the University of British Columbia by a descendant of Dwight Howe after their discovery in an inherited mantel piece by the family. The Canadian Research Authority were promptly notified to record all information as well to bring context to some of the letters implications.

The following pictures  and transcripts are of the before mentioned letters:

BenFrank

First letter: 01/13/1736

Dear Faithful Dwight

I have the utmost hope that this letter makes it to you as I feel the issue we discuss require great urgency. In reply to your first and foremost question which interests me greatly.

I fully agree with General Washington, that we must protect this young nation from an insidious influence and impenetration. The menace, gentlemen, is the jews.
In whatever country jews have settled in any great number, they have lowered its moral tone; depreciated its commercial integrity; have segregated themselves and have not been assimilated; have sneered at and tried to undermine the Christian religion upon which that nation is founded, by objecting to its restrictions; have built up a state within the state; and when opposed have tried to strangle that country to death financially, as in the case of Spain and Portugal.

For over 1,700 years, the jews have been bewailing their sad fate in that they have been exiled from their homeland, as they call Palestine. But gentlemen, did the world give it to them in fee simple, they would at once find some reason for not returning. Why? Because they are vampires, and vampires do not live on vampires. They cannot live only among themselves. The iews must subsist on Christians and other people not of their race.
I hope that this answer may clear up and doubts you had, which may become deadly through the coming years which I predict will be filled with turmoil.

Sincerely yours,
Benjamin 

BenFrank2

Last letter (chronologically): 07/04/1739

Dear Dwight,
It has come to my attention that several events may be working towards a conquer of the Americas by the zion. I feel that if you do not exclude them from these United States, in their Constitution, in less than 200 years they will have swarmed here in such great numbers that they will dominate and devour the land and change our form of government, for which we Americans have shed our blood, given our lives our substance and jeopardized our liberty.

If you do not exclude them, in less than 200 years our descendants will be working in the fields to furnish them substance, while they will be in the counting houses rubbing their hands. I warn you, gentlemen, if you do not exclude jews for all time, your children will curse you in your graves.

Jews, are Asiatics, let them be born where they will nor how many generations they are away from Asia, they will never be otherwise. Their ideas do not conform to an American’s, and will not even thou they live among us ten generations. A leopard cannot change its spots. Jews are Asiatics, are a menace to this country if permitted entrance, and should be excluded by this Constitutional Convention. We must stop these jews, not for ourselves, but for our children’s children.

Forever thankful for your time.
Sincerely yours,
Benjamin

Both example letter’s detail slanderous information towards the Jews as well as other anti-Semitic views professed by Franklin. Further letters not yet process also detail various controversial views on slavery relating to Franklin approval of it and the benefits he saw through its economic effects. Many historians have stated that Franklin was very much against slavery but these facts stem from speeches later in his life. These letters from a younger Franklin show a slightly perplexing view of the man which will be further researched. The possibility of these letters being fake are also being investigated however so far the carbon-dating of the letters has matched the time period as well as Benjamin Franklin’s signature matching with verified signatures.

Contextual References:

  1.  “Inventor”. The Franklin Institute. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
  2.  H.W. Brands, The First American: The Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin (2000)
  3.  Isaacson 2003, p. 491
  4.  Isaacson 2003, p. 492
  5.  H.W. Brands. The First American: The Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin. Random House Digital; 2010. p. 390.
  6. “William Goddard and the Constitutional Post”. Smithsonian National Postal Museum. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  7. Isaacson 2003, p. 14
  8. a b Salzman, Rob. “Thomas Franckline / Jane White”. e-familytree.net. Retrieved January 20, 2011.
  9. Salzman, Rob. “Benjamin Franklin / Deborah Read”. e-familytree.net. Retrieved January 20, 2011.
  10.   (1901) [1771]. “Introduction”Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin. Macmillan’s pocket English and American classics. New York: Macmillan. p. vi. Retrieved February 1, 2011.

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This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged , on September 27, 2012.

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The forming of the People’s Republic of China

Major combat in the Chinese Civil War ended in 1949 with the Communist Party in control of mainland China, and the Kuomintang retreating offshore, reducing the ROC’s territory to only Taiwan, Hainan, and their surrounding islands. On 1 October 1949, Mao Zedong proclaimed the People’s Republic of China, which was commonly known in the West as “Communist China” or “Red China” during the Cold War. In 1950, the People’s Liberation Army succeeded in capturing Hainan from the ROC, occupying Tibet, and defeating the majority of the remaining Kuomintang forces in Yunnan and Xinjiang provinces, though some Kuomintang holdouts survived until much later.

Mao Zedong proclaiming the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949.
Mao encouraged population growth, and under his leadership the Chinese population almost doubled from around 550 million to over 900 million. However, Mao’s Great Leap Forward, a large-scale economic and social reform project, resulted in an estimated 45 million deaths between 1958 and 1961, mostly from starvation. Between 1 and 2 million landlords were executed as “counterrevolutionaries.” In 1966, Mao and his allies launched the Cultural Revolution, which would last until Mao’s death a decade later. The Cultural Revolution, motivated by power struggles within the Party and a fear of the Soviet Union, led to a major upheaval in Chinese society. In October 1971, the PRC replaced the Republic of China in the United Nations, and took its seat as a permanent member of the Security Council. In that same year, for the first time, the number of countries recognizing the PRC surpassed those recognizing the ROC in Taipei as the government of China.In February 1972, at the peak of the Sino-Soviet split, Mao and Zhou Enlai met Richard Nixon in Beijing. However, the US did not officially recognise the PRC as China’s sole legitimate government until 1 January 1979.

Mao Zedong

After Mao’s death in 1976 and the arrest of the faction known as the Gang of Four, who were blamed for the excesses of the Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping quickly wrested power from Mao’s anointed successor Hua Guofeng. Although he never became the head of the party or state himself, Deng was in fact the “paramount leader” of China at that time, his influence within the Party led the country to significant economic reforms. The Communist Party subsequently loosened governmental control over citizens’ personal lives and the communes were disbanded with many peasants receiving multiple land leases, which greatly increased incentives and agricultural production. This turn of events marked China’s transition from a planned economy to a mixed economy with an increasingly open market environment, a system termed by some “market socialism”;the Communist Party of China officially describes it as “socialism with Chinese characteristics”. China adopted its current constitution on 4 December 1982.

Many anthems of The People’s Republic of China have been considered before《义勇军进行曲》Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ “March of the Volunteers” was eventually decided on. Several western songs were considered including a chinese translation of John Lennon’s Imagine that was declined by the artist quoted saying that it, “…turned my message into sinister propaganda.” Despite the strange request which may have been an effect of the strange attempt to improve relations with the west, the majority voted for a indigeonous song for the national anthem that would be played at various international events such as the 1972 Olympics.

The death of pro-reform official Hu Yaobang sparked the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, during which students and others campaigned for several months, speaking out against corruption and in favour of greater political reform, including democratic rights and freedom of speech. The protests were eventually put down when the PLA enforced martial law in Beijing, resulting in thousands of casualties. This event was widely reported and brought worldwide condemnation and sanctions against the Chinese government. The “Tank Man” incident gained particular fame abroad, although the events in Tiananmen Square remain a sensitive and often-censored topic in China itself.

The “Tank man”

The city of Shanghai has become a symbol of China’s rapid economic expansion since the 1990s.
President Jiang Zemin and Premier Zhu Rongji, both former mayors of Shanghai, led the nation in the 1990s. Under Jiang and Zhu’s ten years of administration, China’s economic performance pulled an estimated 150 million peasants out of poverty and sustained an average annual gross domestic product growth rate of 11.2%. The country formally joined the World Trade Organization in 2001.
Although rapid economic growth has made the Chinese economy the world’s second-largest, this growth has also severely impacted the country’s resources and environment.Another concern is that the benefits of economic development has not been distributed evenly, resulting in a wide development gap between urban and rural areas. As a result, under President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao, the Chinese government initiated policies to address these issues of equitable distribution of resources, though the outcome remains to be seen.More than 40 million farmers have been displaced from their land, usually for economic development, contributing to the 87,000 demonstrations and riots which took place across China in 2005 alone.Living standards have improved significantly, but centralized political control remains tight. Although China largely succeeded in maintaining its rapid rate of economic growth despite the late-2000s recession, its growth rate began to slow in the early 2010s, and the economy remains overly focused on exports and fixed investment.
Preparations for a major Communist Party leadership change in late 2012 were marked by factional disputes and political scandals, such as the fall from power of Chongqing official Bo Xilai.During China’s decadal leadership reshuffle in November 2012, Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao were replaced as President and Premier by Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang, who formally took office in 2013.

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